Notes on the dating of the homeric poems
In his Introduction, Lowenstam makes it clear that As Witnessed by Images does not follow prevailing methodological paradigms, which he groups roughly into two categories.
Philologically based paradigm 1 gives primacy to the Homeric poems by focusing on similarities between visual art and presentations of similar scenes in the Iliad and Odyssey as they have come down to us.
For more information about Homer you can read his Encyclopedia Britannica biography linked below.
The Iliad tells the story of the ill-fated Trojan War.
It is rather the illuminating methodological precedent he sets for comparative analysis of poetry and art of the archaic and classical periods, a precedent that facilitates a long overdue unification of the fields of classical philology and ancient art history.many scholars pay lip-service to the theory of oral composition and transmission for the purposes of literary analysis and criticism, but then when they look at the Homeric textual evidence they tend to treat it in much the same way as they would that of Apollonius Rhodius or some other poet who wrote.There are even those who envision Homer as a sort of literary collector and combiner of myths, traditions, and geographical details, who has already made choices between variant readings for us.Homer, hailed as the poet of ‘The Iliad’ and ‘The Odyssey’, the two great epics which laid the foundation of Greek literature, has unfortunately come down to us just as a name.In fact, many modern scholars are not convinced that there was actually a man named Homer.